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【浅析】钎焊金刚石工具的技术现状

发布时间:2020-01-07 来源:禹州七方超硬材料制品有限公司

【浅析】钎焊金刚石工具的技术现状

BIAOQIAN: ZATAN

MUQIAN,YONGQIANHANFAZHIZUOJINGANGSHIGONGJUYIKAISHICHENGWEIREDIANJISHU,DANJINJUXIANYUDANCENGGONGJU,DUIYUDUOCENGSHIXIAN“YUNXIANG”SHANGBUCHENGSHU。GUOWAIDEQIANHANJISHUYANJIUSHIYU20SHIJI80NIANDAIHOUQI,DANYOUYUGONGZUOFUZAZHIJINRENGTINGLIUZAISHIYANJIEDUAN,QIYINGYONGYEJINJUXIANYUDANCENGGONGJU;GUONEIDEQIANHANJISHUYANJIUQIBUJIAOWAN,YUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBI,YANJIUDEGUANGDUHESHENDUYUANYUANBUGOU,YINERJINZHANSHIFENHUANMAN,WENZHONGJIUJINSHUJIEHEJIJINGANGSHIGONGJUGUJIEJINGANGSHIMOLIDEJISHUTEDIANYIJIZAIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGJINGANGSHIMOLIRONGXIEKONGJIANDETEDIANJINXINGLECHANSHU,FENXILEQIANHANFAZHIZUOJINGANGSHIGONGJUDEXIANZHUANG,ZHICHULEQIANHANJINGANGSHIGONGJUDEJISHUWENTIHEJIEJUECHULU。

1  金属结合剂金刚石工具

ANZHAOZHIZUOFANGFABUTONG,JINSHUJIEHEJIJINGANGSHIGONGJUKEFENWEIYIXIASANLEI:FENMOYEJINREYASHAOJIEJINGANGSHIGONGJU、DIANDUJINGANGSHIGONGJUHEQIANHANJINGANGSHIGONGJU。

1.1  粉末冶金热压烧结金刚石工具

FENMOYEJINREYASHAOJIEJINGANGSHIGONGJUSHIYIJINGANGSHIWEIQIEMOCAILIAO,YIJINSHUFENMOWEIJIEHEJI,LIYONGFENMOYEJINDEFANGFA,JINGGUOHUNLIAO、ZAOLI、YAZHICHENGXING、SHAOJIEYIJIBIYAODEHOUQIXIUZHENGJIAGONGERCHENGDEYILEIJINGANGSHIGONGJUZHIPIN。

CHANPINYIXINGCHENGXILIEHUA、BIAOZHUNHUA,PINZHONGGUIGEQIQUAN,CHANPINZHILIANGWENDING,BUFENCHANPINZAIGUOJISHICHANGSHANGJUYOUYIDINGDEJINGZHENGLI。FENMOYEJINREYASHAOJIEJINGANGSHIGONGJUSHIGELEIJINGANGSHIZHIPINZHONGCHUXIANZUIZAODEYILEI,YESHIMUQIANPINZHONGZUIDUO、YONGLIANGZUIDA、YONGTUZUIGUANGDEYILEI,QICHANPINXIAOLIANGZHANJUZHENGGEJINSHUJIEHEJIJINGANGSHIGONGJUDE80%YISHANG。

JINGUANLIYONGGAIFANGFASHENGCHANDEJINGANGSHIGONGJUZAIGEXINGYEDEDAOLEGUANGFANYINGYONG,BINGQUDEXIANZHUDEJINGJIXIAOYI,DANQIGUJIEJINGANGSHIMOLIJISHUBENSHENSHIZHONGCUNZAIZHEYANZHONGDEBUZU,JINGANGSHIDEYOUXIAOSHIYONGLVDAYUEZAI10%ZUOYOU,ZAOCHENGLEJINGANGSHIMOLIZIYUANDEJIDALANGFEI。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIJINGANGSHIMOLIJIBENSHANGSHIYIJIXIEBAOXIANGDEXINGSHICUNZAIYUJINSHUTAITIZHONG,JINSHUJIEHEJIDUIJINGANGSHIMOLIDEBACHINENGLIBUQIANG,JINGANGSHIGONGJUZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGFEIZHENGCHANGMOSUN、TUOLUO、CANCHUDEJINGANGSHIJIAODUO,JINGANGSHISHIJILIYONGLVJIAODI,JINGANGSHIYUANLIAOLANGFEIJIAODA。

DUONIANLAIYENEIZHUANJIAWEILETIGAOJINSHUJIEHEJIDUIJINGANGSHIDEBACHINENGLIZUOLEDALIANGDEGONGZUO,CHULETONGGUODUIJINGANGSHIJINXINGBIAOMIANGAIXING(BIAOMIANJINSHUHUA、BIAOMIANXINGMAOGAIBIANDENG)LAIZENGQIANGJINSHUJIEHEJIDUIJINGANGSHIMOLIDEBACHILIYOUYIDINGDEXIAOGUOWAI,TONGGUOZHIJIEZAIJINSHUJIEHEJIZHONGJIARUSHILIANGDETi(TAI)、Cr(GE)、In(YIN)、Zr(GAO)DENGHUOXINGYUANSULAIQIANGHUAJINSHUJIEHEJIJUNMEIYOUDADEJISHUTUPO。ZAIXUESHUJIEPUBIANRENWEIJINSHUJIEHEJIDEZENGQIANGJILIJIUSHITONGGUOZAIJINGANGSHIBIAOMIANYUJIEHEJIZHIJIANXINGCHENGYICENGJINSHUTANHUAWU,TONGGUOTANHUAWUZUOWEIGUODUCENG,TIGAOJIEHEJIDUIJINGANGSHIBIAOMIANDERUNSHINENGLIYUMAOXIZUOYONGNENGLI,DADAOHUAXUEYEJINJIEHEDEXIAOGUO。

ERSHIJISHANGZAIREYASHAOJIEGUOCHENGZHONG,WEILEBAOHUJINGANGSHIMOLIBUBEISHIMOHUA,YINGXIANGJINGANGSHIDESHIYONGZHILIANG,QISHAOJIEWENDUDABUDAOZHEIXIEHUOXINGYUANSUDERONGHUAWENDU,TANHUAWUWUFAXINGCHENG,DAOZHIHUOXINGYUANSUQIBUDAOLILUNSHANGDELIXIANGZUOYONG。JINGANGSHIMOLIZHIHAOBEIJIXIEDEJIACHIZAIJINSHUJIEHEJIZHONG,BINGMEIYOUFASHENGSUOWEIDEHUAXUEYEJINFANYING。SUOYI,CILEIGONGJUJINKAOJIXIEBAOXIANGXINGSHILAIGUDINGJINGANGSHIMOLIAO,ZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGDUIJINGANGSHIDEBACHILISHIYOUXIANDE。

GUANCHADALIANGDEFENMOYEJINREYASHAOJIEJINGANGSHIGONGJUSHIYONGQINGKUANGFAXIAN,JINGANGSHIMOLIDERONGXIEKONGJIANSHIZAIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGDE,SHIKAOJIAGONGCAILIAOFEIXIEDEFANMOXUEERDEDAODE,JINGANGSHIMOLIDERONGXIEKONGJIANSHIYIGECONGWUDAOYOUDEGUOCHENG,SUOYIZAIJINGANGSHIMOLIYOUXIAOSHIYONGSHIJIANNEI,QIRONGXIEKONGJIANDEPINGJUNZHISHIFEICHANGXIAODE,YINERZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHIDEJIAGONGCAILIAOFEIXIEDUSAIBINGSHAOSHANGHUASHANGGONGJIANDEXIANXIANGSHIJINGCHANGFASHENGDE。

1.2  电镀金刚石工具

DIANDUJINGANGSHIGONGJUSHITONGGUODIANDUDEFANGFA,JINGGUOJINSHUDIANCHENJIGUOCHENG,JIANGYICENGJINGANGSHILAOGUDIXIANGZAIJINSHUJITISHANGDEYIZHONGZHIPIN。GAILEIZHIPINJUYOUXIAOLVGAO、MOXUEJINGDUGAODETEDIAN,ZHUYAOCHANPINYICHENGXINGYANMOHEJINGMIJIAGONGGONGJUWEIZHU,CHANPINYEGUANGFANYINGYONGYUDIZHIKANTAN、SHICAI、JIXIE、QICHEJIGUOFANGGONGYEDENGGEGELINGYU。

JINGUANGAIFANGFASHENGCHANDEGEZHONGJINGANGSHIGONGJUZAIYIDINGDEXINGYEZHONGDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG,BINGQUDEYIDINGDEJINGJIXIAOYI,DANGUJIEJINGANGSHIMOLIJISHUBENSHENYECUNZAIZHEYANZHONGDEBUZU,JINGANGSHIDEYOUXIAOSHIYONGLVDAYUEZAI20%ZUOYOU。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIJINSHUJIEHEJIDUIJINGANGSHIMOLIDEBACHINENGLIYEBUQIANG,JINGANGSHIMOLIZHISHIYIJIXIEDEBAOMAIXIANGQIANZAIDUCENGJINSHUZHONG。

DIANDUDEFANGFASHI,NiHUONi-CoHUONi-Co-MnDENGJINSHULIZIBUDUANZAIYINJIJINGANGSHIJIJITIBIAOMIANXICHU、JINRU、MAIRU,XIAYIDIANDUCENGYICICHENJI,RUCIFANFUCHENJIDAOYIDINGHOUDUHOU,BANCHENGPINCONGDIANDUYEZHONGQUCHUJINXINGSHANGSHA、ZENGHOUDENGHOUXUGONGYICHULI,ZUIZHONGDEDAODIANDUJINGANGSHIGONGJU。ZAIZHENGGEZHIZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,JINGANGSHIMEIYOUFASHENGHUAXUEYEJINFANYING。SUOYI,CILEIGONGJUYESHIJINKAOJIXIEBAOXIANGXINGSHILAIGUDINGJINGANGSHIMOLIAO,ZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGDUIJINGANGSHIDEBACHILIYESHIYOUXIANDE,DIANDUCENGYIDANBEIMOSUNDAOMOLIYIBANGAODUSHI,JINGANGSHIMOLIJIUHUIZIRANTUOLUO。

GUANCHADALIANGDEDIANDUJINGANGSHIGONGJUSHIYONGQINGKUANGFAXIAN,WEIBOLUODEJINGANGSHIMOLIDAYUEYOU2/3GAODUBEICHENJIZAIDIANDUJINSHUCENGZHONG,SUOYIJINGANGSHIMOLIDERONGXIEKONGJIANJIBENSHANGSHIGUDINGDE,BINGQIEYESHIBIJIAOXIAODE,ZHEIYANGZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGYERENGRANHUICHUXIANJIAGONGCAILIAOFEIXIEDUSAIBINGSHAOSHANGHUASHANGGONGJIANXIANXIANG。

1.3  钎焊金刚石工具

QIANHANJINGANGSHIGONGJUSHITONGGUOQIANHANDEFANGFA,JINGGUOJINSHUHANLIAORONGHUAGUOCHENG,JIANGYICENGJINGANGSHILAOGUDIHANJIEZAIJINSHUJITISHANGDEYIZHONGGONGJUZHIPIN。GAILEIZHIPINJUYOUXIAOLVGENGGAO、DANKELIJINGANGSHISHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG、MOXUEJINGDUGAODETEDIAN,ZHUYAOCHANPINHANGAISUOYOUCUJIZHONGCULIDUDIANDUJINGANGSHIGONGJUHEBUFENREYAJINGANGSHIGONGJU。

WEILEBIMIANCHUANTONGZHIZAOFANGFADAILAIDEBACHILIDI、RONGXIEKONGJIANXIAO、CHULUGAODUDIHEYITUOLUODENGWENTI,TONGSHINENGGENGDADELIYONGDANCENGJINGANGSHIGONGJUDEYOUDIAN,2000NIANKAISHIZHIJIN,QIANHANJISHUBEIYINGYONGDAOJINGANGSHIGONGJUDEZHIZAOLINGYUBINGQIEDEDAOKUAISUDEFAZHAN。QIANHANJISHUZUOWEIYIZHONGXINXINGDEJINGANGSHIGONGJUZHIZAOFANGFA,ZAIGUONEIWAISHOUDAOGUANGFANGUANZHU。QIANHANFANGFAYUQITARONGHANFANGFABUTONG,QIANHANGUOCHENGZHONGQIANLIAOHEJINRONGHUAWENDUYAOBIMUCAIRONGHUAWENDUDI,QIANHANWENDUYAOXIAOYUMUCAIGUXIANGXIANERGAOYUQIANLIAOYEXIANGXIAN。ZHENDUIJINGANGSHIERYAN,ZHEIJIUXUYAOQIANHANWENDUXIAOYUJINGANGSHIDESHIMOHUAZHUANBIANWENDU。QIANHANSHI,QIANLIAOZAIJINGANGSHIBIAOMIANRUNSHI、MAOXIZUOYONG、TIANCHONG、PUZHAN、JINMIBAOGUOJINGANGSHIMOLI,TONGSHIZAIJINGANGSHIYUQIANLIAOHEJINZHIJIANYITANHUAWUDEXINGSHIXINGCHENGHUAXUEYEJINJIEHE。YIQIANHANFAZHIZUODEJINGANGSHIGONGJU,QIJINGANGSHIMOLIJIEHEQIANGDUHECHURENGAODUDOUJIAOGAO,FENGRUIXINGHEQIEXUEXINGNENGDEDAOLETIGAO,RONGXIEKONGJIANGUDINGBINGQIEBIJIAODA,TEBIESHIHEGAOSUGAOXIAOMOXUEJIAGONG、NANJIAGONGCAILIAODEJIAGONGHEJINGMIJIAGONG。JINNIANLAI,GAOWENQIANHANDANCENGJINGANGSHIGONGJUCHENGWEIGUONEIWAIGAOXIAOYANJIUJIGOUHESHENGCHANCHANGSHANGDEYANJIUKAIFAREDIAN。

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